Interchangeable heads are NOT all the same. This section of our website walks through the differences and why those differences truly matter.
One method cuts the head from a wrench and welds it on to a plug or stay. A two-piece head that was welded together is fast to make and the cost of creating that head can be relatively inexpensive.
We are not saying that the two-piece welded heads are bad and should not be used because that is not true. What is true is that with the cut and weld approach comes a number of questions that must be asked to determine if this approach is right for you:
If you are considering buying welded heads you should get very satisfactory answers to the questions listed above before purchasing them. There is no universal standard for rating cut and weld heads. Each company creates their own.
One-piece heads have both a proof and fatigue rating that tells you how much stress those heads can take.
The bigger issue we see with cut and weld heads is the need to buy multiple heads and wrenches to cover the same torque value with different size fasteners. This goes back to the question of the head and plug surface area is large enough to withstand the force placed on them. Larger fasteners require larger heads. Larger heads require larger plugs. Larger plugs require different wrenches. Fully evaluate everything before buying the cut and weld heads.
The other is to carefully design and cast a one-piece head. Engineering and casting a one-piece head takes time and the cost of creating that head is higher. Like anything else, you get what you pay for.
The total cost of ownership of one piece heads tends to be much lower than cut and weld heads when you account for the total required inventory of heads and wrenches, breakage, etc.
The Sturtevant Richmont interchangeable heads solution offers accuracy, reliability, durability, and lower cost of ownership. Part of what determines durability is materials. Part of durability is designed in.
For example, our heads have interior and exterior rounded corners. While that may not seem to be significant, there is more to it. Airplane windows started out being square. The vibration and stress factor vectors met at the window corners. As a result of the vector intersection, the windows cracked and broke. That is not a comforting event at 35,000 ft. The airlines learned quickly and redesigned their windows to have rounded corners so the stress vectors dissipated.
When considering the number of tools and heads in your plant, explore all aspects of performance and cost. You'll see the difference.
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Sturtevant Richmont tools are proudly made by highly capable union hands.